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What is Title IX?

Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 states that:

No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.

When facing a Title IX lawsuit, courts generally use three questions to determine if a university is in compliance with Title IX. Answering 'no' to any of the questions usually means the schools loses the lawsuit:

  1. Is the school providing opportunities for men and women in numbers proportionate to its enrollment?

  2. Does the school have a history of program expansion that is responsive to women?

  3. Are the schools' exisiting programs in line with the interests of the student body?


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